Scientists and people have always wondered how the people in Stone Age and before had looked life. All the possible explanations till now were based on artists’ imagination, but that is now changing. Scientists from University of Copenhagen have succeeded in creating an illustration of a Stone Age woman, thanks to a very old chewing gum that was recovered earlier. Birch Pitch, based on which the chewing gum was made, was found in South Denmark and this contained enough DNA to extract a complete genome. All the data is based on this genome.
Analysis of the collected DNA had revealed that the chewing gum was used by a woman, who had dark skin, dark hair and blue eyes. An illustration based on this information was made by professionals, and this is the very first image that we have of the Stone Age people. The scientists believe that the women can be closely connected to the hunter-gatherer communities that had lived in mainland Europe, although the possibility of Scandinavian origin is not ignored. The woman is now being referred to as ‘Lola,’ and it was published in a journal named Nature Communications.
“It is amazing to have gotten a complete ancient human genome from anything other than bone. What is more, we also retrieved DNA from oral microbes and several important human pathogens, which makes this a very valuable source of ancient DNA, especially for time periods where we have no human remains,” said Hannes Schroeder, who is the project leader and an associate professor at Global Institute, the University of Copenhagen. He also added that this project would be useful in understanding how pathogens have evolved in the course of time. This would also help in preparing the medical field for the future.