China’s lunar mission is the first ever to land on the far side of the moon. Chang’e-4 spacecraft achieved the milestone on 3rd January at 10:26 a.m. local time. China’s state media service announced the news around 12 p.m. Beijing time. The probe landed within the South Pole-Aitken basin, and it is a large crater near the moon’s south pole. The mission is a historic move that highlights the nation’s growth potential to become a space power. Additionally, it sets a new record by visiting the region never explored by humanity. Zhu Mengua, a professor at Macau University of Science and Technology, worked with China on the lunar mission.
The professor said the mission’s success id a significant milestone for the nation and lays it out as a pioneer in space exploration. According to The New York Times, he said Chinese people had achieved the thing that the Americans have not dared try. After landing on the moon’s surface, the probe captured an image and sent back on Earth. The photo reveals a small crater and a dessert-life surface. The surface seems to be lightened by light from the probe. Shortly after landing, the observatory released a little rover that will explore the landing area. While stationed on the lunar land, the Chang’e-4 will attempt to investigate the popular Von Karman crater in the Aitken basin. It is the most massive crater in the entire solar system.
Chang’e-4 consists of four high-tech cameras to capture images while roaming around the surface. The probe also contains scientific equipment to study the surface and its mineral composition. It carries a set of components to perform experiments on the lunar land. The list includes fruit flies, cotton, yeast and some species of green plants. As it is the first mission to the dark side of the moon, there are some communication challenges on the region. Thus, the Chinese space agency launched another satellite, Queqiao relay, to overcome the problem in communication. The relay satellite permits the probe to phone home through the relay. Chang’e-4 will collect the samples from the moon’s surface. China aims to send another spacecraft on the far side. It would take the samples to Earth for further studies.
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